SARCOPHAGUS

SARCOPHAGUS
in Inscr. veter. apud Gruterum p. 689. L. Iulii Marcelli, qui vixisle dicitur ann. 5. diebus 31. Corpus. integrum. conditum. Sarcophago. et apud Iuvenalem Sat. 10. v. 172. ubi de Alexandro,
Qui figulo postquam munito intraverit urbem,
Sarcophago contentus erit:
arca est sepulchralis, quam πύελον Graeci et σορὸν dixêre. Graeci enim, qui corpora defunctorum non cremabant, condere ea solebant πυέλοις, ex lapide ut plurimum factis, cui natura est corpora cito absumere. Cuiusmodi erat Assius lapis, quem et σαρκοφάγον, ab edendo carnes, propterca Graeci nuncupârunt, Plin. l. 36. c. 17. In Asso Troadis Sarcophagus lapis fissili venâ scinditur. Ubi quod. fissilem venam vocat, Dioscorides διαφύσεις, item διαζώματα, appellat. Subicit, Corpora defunctorum condita in eo absumi constat, intra XL. diem, exceptis dentibus. Postea vero, Σαρκοφάγοι dicti sunt quihbet mortuorum loculi, etiamsi ex alia materia fierent. Quemadmodum Δελφικαὶ τράπεζαι, quarum facturâ Delphi nobiles, postmodum quilibet abaci, eâ formâ facti, Delphicarum nomen habuêre. Hinc Sarcophagi Porphyretici meminit Anastasius in Silvestro: Hodieque Sarcolium dicunt Galli, quamlibet arcam sepulchralem, voce detortâ ex Sarcophagulus. Vide Salmas. ad Solin. p. 1203. et 1204. ut et supra, in voce Assius Lapis. Proptie vero Sarcophagus dictus est, illa arca, quâ grandiores natu integris corporibus condebantur, in loco commum, vel ante aras. Infantum enim, quibus mortuis nec inferias libarunt, nec eos ante dentes natos ussêre; nulla nec busta, nec Sarcophagi, sed Suggrundiaria, de quibus infra, fuerunt, corporibus eorum in urmilis, quia is vetustior mos, impositis, Thom. Bartholin. de Puerperio Veter. Apud Scriptores Ecclesiae Romanae vox capsam maiorem SS. reliquias continentem nonnumquam notat. Sic Ditmarus l. 6. Sarcophagum ingentem, ad includendas Sanctorum reliquias de argento fecit etc.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • Sarcophagus — Sar*coph a*gus, n.; pl. L. {Sarcophagi}, E. {Sarcophaguses}. [L., fr. Gr. sarkofa gos, properly, eating flesh; sa rx, sa rkos, flesh + fagei^n to eat. Cf. {Sarcasm}.] 1. A species of limestone used among the Greeks for making coffins, which was… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sarcophagus — stone coffin, c.1600, from L. sarcophagus, from Gk. sarkophagos limestone used for coffins, lit. flesh eating, in reference to the supposed action of this type of limestone (quarried near Assos in Troas) in quickly decomposing the body, from sarx …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sarcophăgus — (v. gr.), so v.w. Sarkophagos …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • sarcophagus — ► NOUN (pl. sarcophagi) ▪ a stone coffin. ORIGIN Latin, from Greek sarkophagos flesh consuming …   English terms dictionary

  • sarcophagus — [sär käf′ə gəs] n. pl. sarcophagi [sär käf′əjī΄] or sarcophaguses [L < Gr sarkophagos < sarx, flesh (see SARCASM) + phagein, to eat (see PHAGOUS): because the limestone caused rapid disintegration of the contents] 1. among the ancient… …   English World dictionary

  • Sarcophagus — A sarcophagus is a funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved or cut from stone. The word sarcophagus comes from the Greek σαρξ sarx meaning flesh , and φαγειν phagein meaning to eat , hence sarkophagus means flesh eating ; from the… …   Wikipedia

  • sarcophagus — sar·coph·a·gus (sär kŏf’ə gəs) n. pl. sar·coph·a·gi ( jī′) or sar·coph·a·gus·es ▸ A stone coffin, often inscribed or decorated with sculpture. ╂ [Latin, from Greek sarkophagos, coffin, from (lithos) sarkophagos, limestone that consumed the flesh… …   Word Histories

  • sarcophagus — [17] A sarcophagus is etymologically a ‘flesh eater’: the word comes via Latin sarcophagus from Greek sarkophágos, a compound formed from sárx ‘flesh’ (source of English sarcasm) and phágos ‘eating’. This originated as the term for a particular… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • sarcophagus — [[t]sɑː(r)kɒ̱fəgəs[/t]] sarcophagi, sarcophaguses (plural) N COUNT A sarcophagus is a large decorative container in which a dead body was placed in ancient times. ...an Egyptian sarcophagus. Syn: casket …   English dictionary

  • sarcophagus — UK [sɑː(r)ˈkɒfəɡəs] / US [sɑrˈkɑfəɡəs] noun [countable] Word forms sarcophagus : singular sarcophagus plural sarcophaguses or sarcophagi a stone box, used in some ancient cultures for putting a dead body in …   English dictionary

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